OPTIMASI KOMBINASI CARBOMER DAN CMC Na DALAM SEDIAAN GEL PEWARNA RAMBUT EKSTRAK BUNGA TELANG (Clitoria ternatea L.)

Mardiana, Lia (2019) OPTIMASI KOMBINASI CARBOMER DAN CMC Na DALAM SEDIAAN GEL PEWARNA RAMBUT EKSTRAK BUNGA TELANG (Clitoria ternatea L.). Tesis thesis, Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta.

[img] Text
BAB 1 - PUBLIKASI.pdf

Download (2MB)
[img] Text
BAB 2.pdf

Download (210kB)
[img] Text
BAB 3 .pdf

Download (217kB)
[img] Text
BAB 4 .pdf

Download (552kB)
[img] Text
BAB 5.pdf

Download (12kB)
[img] Text
BAB 6 - Lampiran .pdf

Download (1MB)
[img] Text
FORM PERNYATAAN PUBLIKASI.pdf

Download (834kB)
[img] Text
INTISARI & ABSTRAK .pdf

Download (116kB)

Abstract

The color of hair is determined by melanin pigment. The lack of nutrient and oxygen may negatively affect the hair’s structure and melanin which results in the growth of gray hair. Color adding may be applied to cover hair that has lost its original color pigment. Color and perfume substance factors are essential in a hair dye preparation. Anthocyanin in Butterfly Pea flower (Clitoria ternatea L.) has the potency to act as a natural dye. The physical attributes of hair dye are determined from the combination of carbomer gel and CMC Na as the gelling agent. This research aimed to discover the effect of the combination of carbomer and CMC Na on the physical attributes of the hair dye and to know the optimal formula composition as well as its physical stability during storage and in irritation test. Dry powder of the Butterfly Pea flower was macerated in water that was acidified with tartaric acid using ultrasonic wave to obtain the filtering result’s filtrate with vacuum filtration. The extract was obtained through freeze dry process for 3 days. Eight Butterfly Pea flowers’ extracts with various carbomer and CMC Na compositions were tested for its physical attributes in order to obtain the optimal formula which included adhesiveness, dispersion, pH, and viscosity. To obtain the optimal formula, stability test was conducted on its physical qualities using freeze and thaw method in 3 cycles and another stability test conducted on its dying duration, washing, as well as the sunlight’s effect on it. The result showed that carbomer had dominant effect in improving viscosity, adhesiveness, and pH of the gel; meanwhile CMC Na had dominant effect in increasing the gel’s dispersion. The optimal formula for Butterfly Pea flower hair dye contained 1,66% carbomer and 6,00% CMC Na. There were no significant differences between the experiment’s response and prediction. Unstable viscosity, adhesiveness, dispersion (p<0,05) was analyzed through paired t-test in both before and after the stability test for 3 cycles. The optimal formula of the hair dye caused light irritation to the skin and the gel was the panelists’ favorite during the hedonic test (texture, color, fragrance, and ease of use). Keywords: Butterfly Pea Flower, Carbomer, CMC Na, Factorial Design, Hair Dye

Item Type: Thesis (Tesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Butterfly Pea Flower, Carbomer, CMC Na, Factorial Design, Hair Dye
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Farmasi > Prodi S2 Farmasi
Depositing User: Mrs NOVI HANDAYANI
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 04:12
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 04:12
URI: http://repository.setiabudi.ac.id/id/eprint/4067

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item