UJI AKTIVITAS INSEKTISIDA EKSTRAK ETANOL, FRAKSI n-HEKSAN, FRAKSI KLOROFORM DAN FRAKSI AIR DARI BUAH LADA HITAM (Piper nigrum L.) TERHADAP Anopheles aconitus

COBIS, Bellarmin Boris (2015) UJI AKTIVITAS INSEKTISIDA EKSTRAK ETANOL, FRAKSI n-HEKSAN, FRAKSI KLOROFORM DAN FRAKSI AIR DARI BUAH LADA HITAM (Piper nigrum L.) TERHADAP Anopheles aconitus. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta.

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Abstract

Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) contains flavonoid, saponin, essential oil and piperin alkaloid. The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of ethanol extracts, n-hexane fraction, chloroform fraction, and water fraction from black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) as an insecticide to Anopheles aconitus mosquito. Black pepper powder soxhleted by ethanol 96%, then fractionated using solvents of n-hexane, chloroform, and water. Ethanol extract and fractions were tested the insecticide activity to Anopheles aconitus mosquito by KC50 and LC50 values. The results showed that ethanol extract, fractions of n-hexane, chloroform, and water had insecticide activity to Anopheles aconitus mosquito with KC50 value were 176,01 ppm, 140,17 ppm, 135,67 ppm, 180,01 ppm, respectively and LC50 value were 122,07 ppm, 106,91 ppm, 73,94 ppm and 180,48 ppm, respectively. Chloroform fraction of black pepper had the highest insecticide activity compared than extract, fractions of n-hexane and water. Keywords: Piper nigrum L., Anopheles aconitus, ethanol extract, fractination, insecticide, KC50, LC50.

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piper nigrum L., Anopheles aconitus, ethanol extract, fractination, insecticide, KC50, LC50.
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Farmasi > Prodi S1 Farmasi
Depositing User: Tifany Nur Arfiana
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 03:34
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2019 03:34
URI: http://repository.setiabudi.ac.id/id/eprint/1534

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