AKTIVITAS LARVASIDA EKSTRAK ETANOL, FRAKSI n-HEKSANA, FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT, DAN FRAKSI AIR DAUN BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti INSTAR III

SUKMA, Vauziah (2016) AKTIVITAS LARVASIDA EKSTRAK ETANOL, FRAKSI n-HEKSANA, FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT, DAN FRAKSI AIR DAUN BELIMBING WULUH (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti INSTAR III. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta.

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Abstract

Starfruit leaves (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) is a plant that has a property alternative insecticides that contain flavonoids, terpenoids and tannins. The purpose of this study was to determine the larvicidal activity of ethanol extract, fraction of n-hexane, ethyl acetate fraction and water fraction leaves starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbi L.) against Aedes aegypti instar III expressed in LC50 and knowing the test preparation are most active. Macerated leaf powder 2 times with each maceration performed for 2 days using ethanol 96%, then fractionated using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and water. The treatment group was divided into 9 groups with 6 series concentrations (300 ppm, 350 ppm, 400 ppm, 450 ppm, 500 ppm, 550 ppm), positive control (ABATE 1G® 0.01%), negative control (tween 80 1%) and normal controls (aquadestilata). Each put into a glass test containing 25 larvae of Aedes aegypti for 24 hours, then counted the number of larvae died. The experiment is replicated 4 times. Each concentration was determined by probit analysis method. Data were analyzed statistically ANOVA test. The results showed ethyl acetate fraction starfruit leaves have the most active activity with LC50 value of 551.808μg / mL, compared with the fraction of water, ethanol extract and fractions with n-Hexane LC50 values respectively 583.377 μg / mL, 633.304 μg / mL and 687, 413 μg / mL. Keywords: Averrhoa bilimbi L., ethanol extract, fractions, LC50, Aedes aegypti, larvicides

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Averrhoa bilimbi L., ethanol extract, fractions, LC50, Aedes aegypti, larvicides
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Farmasi > Prodi S1 Farmasi
Depositing User: Tifany Nur Arfiana
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 03:30
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2019 03:30
URI: http://repository.setiabudi.ac.id/id/eprint/1499

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