UJI AKTIVITAS LARVASIDA EKSTRAK ETANOLIK, FRAKSI n-HEKSANA, FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT, DAN FRAKSI AIR DAUN SRIKAYA (Annona squamosa L.) TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes albopictus INSTAR III

RUSDANI, Yeti Norita (2018) UJI AKTIVITAS LARVASIDA EKSTRAK ETANOLIK, FRAKSI n-HEKSANA, FRAKSI ETIL ASETAT, DAN FRAKSI AIR DAUN SRIKAYA (Annona squamosa L.) TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes albopictus INSTAR III. Skripsi thesis, Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta.

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Abstract

Srikaya plants can be one of the alternative vegetable larvacide. Vegetable larvacides are chemical compounds in a plant that can kill the larva or nymph mosquito stages. Chemical compounds in srikaya leaves that have the effect as larvacides are saponin, tannin, flavonoid, and alkaloid. The aim of this research is to know the value of LC50 extract, n-hexane fraction, ethyl acetate fraction, and fraction of water leaves of srikaya (Annona squamosa L.) which have activity as larvicide to Aedes albopictus instar III mosquito larvae. The srikaya leaves were extracted using maceration method with 96% ethanol solvent for 3 days. Fractionation was performed to obtain compound based on its polarity using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and water, then larvacides test with various concentrations was performed. The larvae mortality was recorded and the probit analysis was performed to determine the LC50 value of the ethanol extract, the n-hexane fraction, the ethyl acetate fraction, and the water fraction of srikaya leaves. The results showed that LC50 ethanol extract value of 20.648 ppm, nhexane fraction of 53.128 ppm, ethyl acetate fraction of 11.498 ppm, and water fraction of 768,199 ppm. The most effective larvicidal test of Aedes albopictus instar III larvae is the ethyl acetate fraction having LC50 value of 11,498 ppm Keywords: larvacide, srikaya leaves, extract, fraction, aedes albopictus

Item Type: Thesis (Skripsi)
Uncontrolled Keywords: larvacide, srikaya leaves, extract, fraction, aedes albopictus
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Fakultas Farmasi > Prodi S1 Farmasi
Depositing User: Tifany Nur Arfiana
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2019 03:42
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2019 03:42
URI: http://repository.setiabudi.ac.id/id/eprint/1261

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